Gynecomastia Helps Men Who Are Suffering from Enlarged Male Breasts

Hormonal imbalance and chronic medical conditions can cause enlarged male breasts

Although cosmetic breast surgeries are known to be popular among women, breast reduction has also become very popular among the male population. In 2015, male breast reduction, also known as gynecomastia, ranked third in the ten most popular cosmetic procedures in the UAE. The procedure can help to restore a more firm and masculine appearance to the chest.

“Although certain drugs such as anabolic steroids, medications containing estrogen and alcohol, and medical conditions including cancer and impaired liver function may cause or contribute to enlarged male breasts, it is widely accepted that a large percentage of cases are caused by unknown conditions,” explains Dr. Trelles, plastic and laser surgeon at state-of-the-art dentistry, plastic and aesthetic laser surgery clinic Vilafortuny.

So are you a candidate?

Good candidates for male breast reduction surgery include men who experience the following conditions in the chest area:

  • A firm disc of tissue under the nipple that may feel like a mass.
  • Breasts that are larger than normal.
  • Excess glandular tissue in one or both breasts.
Topless man with chest

“It is important for patients to have realistic expectations about their surgery. Gynecomastia is not a form of weight loss. The best candidates for gynecomastia surgery are men who are already in good physical and mental health,” says Dr Trelles.

The initial consultation

The first step to a gynecomastia is a consultation, which will comprise a discussion regarding your expectations, your overall health and your lifestyle. Your questions and concerns will be addressed during this consultation and you should be prepared to discuss: reasons for treatment, expectations, existing medical conditions including allergies, current medication and use of alcohol, tobacco and drugs, personal and family history and results of any previous surgeries.

In addition, you should refrain from smoking and take any anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin, for at least two weeks before your procedure is performed.

What to expect

The procedure for male breast reduction is done on an outpatient basis using general or local anaesthesia and can take up to two hours. Enlarged male breasts can be reduced by liposuction or by cutting out excess glandular tissue. The surgery can be performed on its own or together with lipoplasty. If only the removal of excess fatty tissue is required, then only a liposuction will be done.

What to expect after

“After the procedure, your chest will be bandaged with a specialised compressed garment to reduce swelling. Pain medication can be prescribed to help ease any discomfort after surgery. Most men can return to work after one week, but strenuous physical activity is discouraged for the first four to six weeks following surgery,” says Dr. Trelles on what to expect after the procedure.


The final results of gynecomastia will become apparent over the weeks following the procedure, as swelling and bruising subside. Your chest will become more defined with a more masculine contour, resulting in improved self-confidence.